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A dermatologist: what is it?

Your skin serves numerous vital purposes and is the largest and heaviest organ in your body. It shields you from harmful substances, germs, and the heat and cold. It’s also a fantastic gauge of your general health, as variations in the texture or color of your skin may indicate a medical issue. It’s critical to look after your skin and be conscious of its general health.

Read More: Best Dermatologists in Greater Kailash

A dermatologist is a medical professional with specialization in treating:




In addition to managing cosmetic disorders like hair loss and scars, they are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases pertaining to the skin, hair, and nails.

What do doctors of dermatology do?

Dermatologists identify and handle skin diseases. They can also identify skin symptoms that could point to internal health issues, such as organ failure or disease.

Dermatologists frequently carry out specialist skin condition diagnostic procedures. They employ the following therapies:

medications injected or applied externally.

ultraviolet treatment, or UV light.

a variety of skin biopsies and surgical dermatology procedures, including mole removal.

Cosmetic procedures include laser treatments, sclerotherapy, and chemical peels.

-What education and credentials are required of dermatologists?

Physicians who want to practice dermatology must finish:

four years in university.

Medical school lasts four years.

An internship lasting a year that included training in dermatology and other subjects.

three years of residency, which is extended education focused on dermatology.

fellowship period of one to two years. Although it is not required, a fellowship provides further training in a subspecialty of dermatology.

What ailments do dermatologists typically treat?

Among the most prevalent ailments that a dermatologist may handle are:



hair fall.

fungal nail infection.


skin cancer.


What kinds of operations do dermatologists carry out?

Typical practices consist of:

Electrosurgery: In electrosurgery, tissue is cut or destroyed surgically using a high-frequency electric current.

Cryosurgery: In cryosurgery, tissue is frozen and destroyed surgically using extremely low temperatures.

Laser surgery: Using specialized light beams during surgery is known as laser surgery.

Excision surgery: Excision surgery is the removal of tissue with the proper closures by cutting it with a sharp knife, such as a scalpel.

Mohs surgery: This type of surgery involves removing cancer cells from your skin one layer at a time.

Mole removal: This refers to the elimination of a mole from your body, either completely or partially. To detect cancer or other skin conditions, they examine the mole.

Treatment for vein damage: Dermatologists may use laser or sclerotherapy to treat damaged veins after evaluating them.

What subspecialties exist in dermatology?

Among the subspecialties of dermatology are:

The study of dermatology.

Mohs technique.

dermatology in children.

dermatology for cosmetic purposes.

What distinguishes estheticians from dermatologists?

Medical doctors are not estheticians. They are unable to provide medical advice or diagnose skin conditions. They are limited to providing assistance with skin-related treatments. Some techniques used by estheticians are:

exfoliating or cleaning the skin.

teaching the art of concealing scars with makeup.

using acne remedies.

recommending skin care items.
putting on wax.

tanning with an airbrush.

When ought I to schedule a dermatologist appointment?

A dermatologist may be consulted for the following more prevalent symptoms:

A mole or patch of skin has undergone size, color, or shape changes.

skin cancer.

extreme or enduring acne.







Your face has dark patches (hyperpigmentation).

persistent rashes on the skin.



hair fall.

nail conditions.

indications of aging.

spider and varicose veins.

How should I get ready for my very first visit to the dermatologist?

It’s beneficial to plan ahead for your first dermatologist appointment in order to maximize its benefits. One may:

Bring a list of the top concerns you would like to talk about with your dermatologist.

Keep track of any adjustments to your general health.

Maintain a symptom journal (bring it with you) and note all of your events, including the day and time they happened, the duration of the episode, its intensity, its triggers, its symptoms, and any steps you took to put an end to it. If at all possible, bring crisp pictures.

Find out what medical history your family has. Your dermatologist can diagnose you more accurately with the use of this information.

So that your dermatologist can easily examine you, wear loose clothing.

Steer clear of nail polish and makeup. Your dermatologist’s ability to properly examine your skin and nails may be hampered if you wear makeup or nail polish.

Consider circling specific areas on your body with a washable pen. You can better recall what to bring up with your dermatologist by using physical reminders.

Bring copies of all test results, pictures, and lab work ordered by physicians or other healthcare providers who are not part of your dermatologist’s network.

Bring a list of all the medications or products you currently use. Incorporate over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs, vitamins, supplements, herbal products, soaps, sunscreens, makeup, and makeup. Inform your dermatologist about any past prescriptions that you have taken that didn’t work or had negative side effects.

Bring a list of all known allergies with you.

Bring along a friend or family member to act as an extra pair of eyes and ears during the appointment and to take notes. This person can ask questions, assist in reviewing the conversation with your dermatologist, and serve as a reminder to schedule tests and follow-up appointments.

Find out if you need to make another appointment to talk about any more issues.


Dermatologists are medical professionals with a focus on the nails, skin, and hair. Dermatologists also treat conditions related to appearance, such as scars and hair loss. After examining you and ordering lab work, your dermatologist will diagnose your condition and recommend a course of treatment, either medication or surgery. If necessary, they might collaborate with and refer you to another specialist. Make notes and arrange your medical records before your appointment. Make sure to inquire about anything that comes to mind. Your dermatologist wants to support you while you work toward a diagnosis, the best course of treatment, or management of your condition.