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Pulling a muscle, also known as a muscle strain, is one of the most frequent sports injuries that results from overstretching and tearing a muscle. Shoulder, lower back, groin, quadriceps, and calves are the primary areas affected by muscle strains.

Read More: Sports Injury Physiotherapy London

Tendonitis: Microtears in the muscle fibers caused by a traumatic injury can also evolve into tendonitis, an inflammation of the tendon linked to overuse.

Stress Fracture: Another type of overuse damage is the stress fracture. It happens when the muscles can no longer support the pressure, which leads to a fracture. Stress fractures typically occur in the lower legs and feet, and female athletes are more likely than male athletes to sustain these injuries.

Contusions: A contusion is an injury caused by a direct hit to the muscle. The player sustains a more serious injury that causes swelling and bruises in the affected area the faster the piece of equipment strikes the athlete. For more serious contusions, medical help may be necessary in addition to the suggested RICE course of treatment.

Whiplash damage: A sudden, forceful movement of the neck forward or backward might result in a whiplash injury. The head jerks and the neck strains when someone falls or is struck. It frequently happens in contact sports and results in mild to severe soft tissue injury to the muscles, ligaments, and vertebrae in the neck and spine, producing discomfort and numbness in the arms. The player’s recuperation is contingent upon the extent of the damage.

Shoulder Impingement: When playing, repeated overhead movements might lead to shoulder impingement. To keep the shoulder joint stable, it is necessary to maintain high degrees of muscle control during these recurrent concentric and eccentric motions. For these disorders, the first line of treatment in physiotherapy is rest, ice, and Kinesiotaping. The physiotherapist designs range-of-motion and strengthening exercises to improve the flexibility of the muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

Acromioclavicular joint injury: Shoulder injuries are common among hockey players. Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries, sometimes referred to as shoulder separations, are the most frequent type of shoulder injuries. The direct impact into the shoulder caused this damage. The degree of damage might range from a sprain to a total rupture of the ligaments in question. Isometric and mild range-of-motion exercises are performed after immobilization by rest in a sling as part of the physiotherapy treatment.

Rotator cuff injury: Repetitive microtrauma, which can happen over time, is the most prevalent cause of a rotator cuff tear. Repeated rotator cuff injuries caused by squeezing, catching, or pinching the rotator cuff tendons result in swelling or bruises. The goal of physiotherapy is to lessen pain and inflammation. The therapist suggests capsular stretching, ROM exercises, and isometric exercises. This should be followed by rigorous pain-free strengthening and isotonic activities.

Tennis elbow: Overuse and overload from forehand and serve strokes cause damage to the tendons on the outside of the elbow, resulting in tennis elbow. The three mainstays of physiotherapy for tennis elbow are rest, ice, and Kinesio-taping. In addition to specific physiotherapy exercises for strengthening and extending the muscles, a tennis elbow band or wrist brace may be helpful.

Tennis elbow: Tennis elbow Excessive topspin use and backhand stroke overload are the causes of or medial epicondylitis, which results in pain and inflammation. Physiotherapy treatments include Kinesio-taping, ice, and rest. You can use a wrist brace in conjunction with strengthening and stretching activities.

Wrist strain: Shoulder dislocations, wrist sprains, and wrist fractures can result from falling on an extended arm. It can happen when the wrist twists unexpectedly, bends backward, or is subjected to a strong blow. The player experiences warmth, soreness, popping or ripping noises, and wrist stiffness.

Carpal tunnel syndrome: This injury is brought on by a relaxed grip, upward palm rotation, and rapid wrist rotation during a topspin. Rest, ice, Kinesiotaping, range-of-motion exercises, and strengthening regimens are all part of the treatment for various ailments.

Tennis players frequently have lower back discomfort as a result of their rapid weight transfers, hopping, and twisting, which forces their spine to repeatedly flex, extend, rotate, and bend laterally during the cocking or loading phase of the serve. To improve strength, the physiotherapist creates workouts that target the back and abdominal muscles.

Abdominal side strain: Side strain affects the body’s oblique muscle on one side. The damage on the other side of the bowling arm results from the muscle’s forced contraction. Repetitive arm motion might also result in side strains. The player experiences soreness and agony related to internal edema. Treatment necessitates enough sleep. Following evaluation of the damaged area for proper strength and conditioning, the athlete can progressively resume their activities.

Femoroacetabular impingement: A multidirectional movement pattern, loading, and sudden beginning, cutting, twisting, and halting can all lead to femoroacetabular impingement. Under the supervision of a physiotherapist, this type of hip injury can be treated with RICE and physiotherapy sessions.

Pulling or stretching the muscles in the inner thigh might result in a groin pull. When pulling the legs together or elevating the knee, the player has discomfort and soreness in the inner thigh and groin. During the injury, the athlete experiences excruciating agony and hears a popping or breaking sound.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome: An overuse injury along the outer thigh is the cause of iliac band syndrome. as a result of the IT band’s constant contact on the outside of the thigh during jogging. Just above the knee joint, the player’s lateral or outside thigh and knee are painful and uncomfortable.

Strains in the hamstrings: A hamstring strain typically results from an overloading of the muscles, which can create a strain or a full rupture. Usually, sprinting—that is, quick bowling while fielding or dashing between wickets as a batsman—causes hamstring injuries. The athlete has acute or unexpected discomfort during activity, as well as tightness or pain when bending or straightening their leg and bearing weight. RICE is the first step in physiotherapy treatment, which is then followed by progressive strengthening exercises, taping, dry needling, scar tissue mobilization, and soft tissue massage.

Torn ACL: The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, provides stability and aids in holding the knee joints together. Walking is hampered by an ACL tear, which is quite painful. A direct gunshot to the knees, an improper landing, a sudden stop, or a sudden change in direction are the causes of the damage.

Another type of knee injury is a torn medial collateral ligament (MCL), which is sustained when the ligament that joins the femur to the tibia is damaged. It results by pushing the knees sideways. Under the close supervision of a sports physiotherapist, this type of knee injury can be treated with braces, ice compression, and sports physical therapy sessions.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome: Also known as runner’s knee, this ailment is caused by damage to the cartilage beneath the kneecap. Tendon strains or knee misalignment may be the cause. The player experiences discomfort when exercising, leaping, crouching, climbing stairs, and bending the knee. When ascending stairs or after sitting for an extended period of time with their knee bent, the player experiences popping or cracking sounds in their knee.

Shin splits are an overuse ailment that commonly affects runners and affects the insides of the lower leg or shin region. This type of injury is more common among athletes with flat feet.

Pulling a muscle, such as the soleus or gastrocnemius, from the Achilles tendon results in a pulled calf muscle injury. Running or leaping causes this. The athlete can’t stand on the ball of their foot and has bruises, redness, and little swelling.

Inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament, which attaches the front of the foot to the heel, is known as plantar fasciitis. This type of injury is mostly caused by overstress and strain, and it is often treated with rest, ice, and stretching exercises.

Ankle Sprains: When the foot is bent upward and the toes are turned out, a medial ankle sprain may result. When a soccer player uses their top foot to kick the ball, they run the risk of lateral ankle sprains. Ankle sprains occur when the ligament supporting the joint is overextended as a result of stepping incorrectly, unevenly, or in a twisting and rolling motion. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) is typically used to treat ankle strains.

Achilles tendon Rupture: A partial or total tear of the Achilles tendon can result in Achilles tendon rupture. A gamer may experience this if they make a sudden or abrupt movement. When the ligaments that surround the ankle joint are strained or damaged, ankle sprains happen.

Inflammation at the lower back of the leg just above the heel is known as Achilles tendonitis. Overuse leads to the ailment known as Achilles tendinitis. Players frequently make abrupt, repeated movements that over time might result in this injury. Pain is frequently treated with rest, ice, stretching, and strengthening exercises since physical exertion exacerbates the pain.

Sports physical therapy and the appropriate medicine are essentially used in the treatment of sports injuries in order to provide sportsmen with respite. Physiotherapy has really shown to be one of the most reliable kinds of treatment for sports injuries and has been shown to be fairly helpful in helping athletes recover quickly.